The Caregiver's Journey

Cognitive Effects Defined

Cognition is another term for how we think and learn. Cognitive changes — changes in thinking -- are very common after a TBI.

Thinking takes place in the brain. When the brain is injured, thinking is affected. Thinking may be different and harder than it used to be.

In most cases, cognitive problems improve over time. Time, rehabilitation, and the natural healing of the brain all help thinking to improve.

Cognitive recovery often takes longer than physical recovery. Try to be patient. Remember that it is an injury to a specific part or parts of the brain that causes cognitive problems.

Just as with physical problems, not everyone with a TBI has the same cognitive problems. The neuropsychologist, OT, and speech language pathologist are the healthcare team members who identify and treat cognitive problems.