Moderate to Severe TBI
Intermediate treatment is provided after the patient’s immediate medical needs have been met. The main goals of intermediate treatment include:
In terms of the early detection of complications, the medical team is on the lookout for bedsores, muscle contractions, infections, and other complications, such as fluid build-up in the brain, that may need surgery.
Evaluation and planning for recovery involves a specialized team that may include physicians, nurses, physical therapists, occupational and speech therapists, neuropsychologists, neurologists, social workers and others. These professionals help patients and their families to understand medical conditions and disabilities, and to develop a realistic recovery plan.
Often patients with TBI have continuing memory loss, called post-traumatic amnesia, or PTA. In addition to PTA, these patients often have problems with their attention span, and they may have an increased risk for other injuries due to lack of coordination, poor balance, and weakness. These patients may also have poor self-control and try to do things that they are not able to do, such as climb out of bed or walk by themselves when it is dangerous to do so. Because of this, preventing more injuries from occurring is an important part of intermediate treatment.