Traumatic Brain Injury A to Z - Physical Therapy

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Physical Therapy

During rehabilitation after TBI, the job of the physical therapist is to minimize or overcome any debilitating physical conditions. Physical therapists specialize in the examination and treatment of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular problems that affect the patient’s ability to move and function in daily life.

As part of the rehabilitation process, the physical therapist will assess:
  • balance
  • posture
  • strength
  • need for a wheelchair, brace or cane
  • quality of movement
  • spontaneous movement
  • coordination of movement
  • increased sensation of sensory-motor activities
  • pain management
After conducting the assessment, the physical therapist will design a therapy program to maximize the physical functioning of the patient. The therapist may also help the patient and family explore specific prosthetics or motorized devices to improve the patient’s ability to function. There have been huge technological advances in recent years, allowing patients with handicaps to achieve a greater degree of independence than ever before.
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