CEMM Virtual Library

Mild TBI

Glasgow Coma Scale

The Glasgow Coma Scale is used as a preliminary evaluation tool to gauge the severity of a TBI. It measures post-trauma eye opening abilities, verbal responses and motor responses, assigning each area a score. The scores from each section are then added together for a total score. The lower the score — the more severe the initial traumatic brain injury.

Glasgow Coma Scale

Ability Score
Eye Opening (E)  
Spontaneous 4
To speech 3
To pain 2
No response 1
   
 Best Motor Response (M)  
 To verbal command: obeys  6
 To painful stimulus: localizes pain  5
 Flexion-withdrawal  4
 Flexion-abnormal  3
 Extension  2
 No response  1
   
 Best Verbal Response (V)  
Oriented and converses  5
 Disoriented and converses  4
 Inappropriate words  3
 Incomprehensible sounds  2
 No response  1

Score: Eye score (E) + Motor score (M) + Verbal score (V) = 3 to 15

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